Treatment options for anal cancer vary depending on stage and type. The three treatment options for anal cancer include chemotherapy, radiation and surgery.

treatment for anal cancer by stage

The standard of care to treat anal cancer stages I-III is combined chemoradiation therapy, otherwise known as the ‘Nigro Protocol’.

The standard of care to treat stage IV anal cancer is chemotherapy.

Surgery is less commonly used for the primary treatment of anal cancer.

This section describes the various types of treatment for anal cancer as well as emerging therapies. We also talk about treating non-squamous forms of anal cancer, and provide information on finding support during your treatment. Please note this is for general information and is based on standard guidelines. This does not reflect medical advice. Please talk to your medical provider about the best treatment options for you.